The earth was given to Man to dominate:
Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
So God created man in his own image,
in the image of God he created him;
male and female he created them.
And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”Genesis 1:26-28)
A quote from this interview with Kelly Ware, a permaculture practitioner and Christian, caught my attention:
“We were put on earth as stewards, to take care of the garden, and our domination thing, that we’re able to, you know, dominate is that we make the choices for things. We say this plant goes, this plant stays, this earth works needs to happen. So I really think that in terms of empowering ourselves to do earth works, because you’re changing a lot of things, but we’ve been given that right, to dominate and through that job that we were designed to do, which is steward creation.“
According to Merriam Webster, domination means:
- supremacy or preeminence over another
- exercise of mastery or ruling power
- exercise of preponderant, governing, or controlling influence
Notice one thing that the word dominate does not mean: destroy.
Many conservatives seem to believe that domination and destruction are synonymous. Ann Coulter writes:
The ethic of conservation is the explicit abnegation of man’s dominion over the Earth. The lower species are here for our use. God said so: Go forth, be fruitful, multiply, and rape the planet — it’s yours. That’s our job: drilling, mining and stripping.
Is this truly what God says in the Bible? Let us check:
The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it. (Genesis 2:15)
It is Man’s job to dominate and subdue the earth not by raping and destroying it but rather by working and keeping it. The reason for working and keeping the earth isn’t because the earth is an object worthy of spiritual adoration, as environmentalists and some permaculture practitioners believe, but rather because God gave it to us for sustenance and human flourishing:
And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. (Genesis 1:29)
Environmentalists, who are nearly all liberals, frequently fantasize about the elimination of humans from the earth due to the mistaken belief that the earth would be “better off” without us. They see Man’s domination of the earth as inherently sinful (I use the word sinful to describe their religious-like beliefs because liberalism is their religion and is as authoritarian in its moral prescriptions as any other religion or political orientation).
Some secular permaculturists share the opinion that Man’s domination of the earth is Bad, bad, bad! but others do not, as this quote demonstrates:
Societies and their inhabitant are the reason that ecosystems (such as the Amazon Rainforest) are abundant in bio-diversity and life. In Permaculture it is constantly reinforced that human disturbance leads to environmental degradation; however, new evidence strongly concludes that without human disturbance, eco-systems would not be as thriving if humans were out of the picture.
In addition to the earth, Woman was also given to be under Man’s dominion:
Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.” (Genesis 2:18)
Women, kindly read that verse again. For whom were we created? For him. And to whom were we given?
And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man. (Genesis 2:22)
Woman was given to Man to be under his dominion, not so that he can destroy her but so that he can cultivate a helper for his work of having dominion over the earth. This is where feminists, like environmentalists, get it wrong. They correctly perceive that some men are using their God-given dominion to destroy rather than cultivate their women, and they decide that Man’s domination itself is the problem, when in fact sin (destruction) is the problem.
We moderns see the word domination used in the man/woman context almost solely in the sense of sexually perverse role plays, but this is not what Christians should understand it to mean, not even when the context is the marital act. Rather, the godly husband takes dominion over his wife and cultivates her to better fulfill her role as his helper in his domination (cultivation) of the earth.
Pastor Doug Wilson explained this well in something he wrote a few years ago:
A man penetrates, conquers, colonizes, plants. A woman receives, surrenders, accepts. This is of course offensive to all egalitarians, and so our culture has rebelled against the concept of authority and submission in marriage. This means that we have sought to suppress the concepts of authority and submission as they relate to the marriage bed.
People lost their minds when he wrote this, with Christian feminist Rachel Held Evans writing:
It’s not about sex. It’s not about church leadership. It’s not about roles. It’s not about the Bible.
It’s about power.
It’s about whether or not patriarchy—man’s rule over woman—really represents God’s ideal for the world.
And I believe, with every bone in my body, that patriarchy is a result of sin. I believe that followers of Jesus are to be champions of equality, and that it is our calling…
But a man conquering a woman does not implicitly mean he destroys her. A man who conquers his wife in the sense that Pastor Wilson means is cultivating a family. His dominion leads to flourishing rather than destruction.
Although it is pagan in spiritual orientation, I love the blog Bealtine Cottage, a site written by a woman in Ireland who bought a derelict cottage on some old agricultural land that was badly damaged by conventional farming practices and transformed it using permaculture gardening techniques into a gorgeous food forest. Her stories and photos are fascinating. However, the authoress Ms.O’Neill has misunderstood what domination of the earth and Woman by Man means. She writes:
“As this era of masculine dominance comes to an end and a feminine understanding of life’s wholeness is included, we are beginning to experience a different world in which physical, mental, and spiritual well-being are interdependent.”
Part of the chaff of modernity is the belief that humans having dominion (domination) over the earth and Man having dominion (domination) over Woman is inherently destructive. This is not true. Only sinful behavior is destructive. Godly dominion does not destroy; rather, it cultivates so that all which is under dominion flourishes.